Bjï¿½rn N, Pradhananga S, Sigurgeirsson B, Lundeberg J, Grï¿½en H and Sahlï¿½n P
Whole exome sequencing (WES) has been extensively used in genomic research. As sequencing costs decline it is being replaced by whole genome sequencing (WGS) in large-scale genomic studies, but more comparative information on WES and WGS datasets would be valuable. Thus, we have extensively compared variant calls obtained from WGS and WES of matched germline DNA samples from 96 lung cancer patients. WGS provided more homogeneous coverage with higher genotyping quality, and identified more variants, than WES, regardless of exome coverage depth. It also called more reference variants, reflecting its power to call rare variants, and more heterozygous variants that met applied quality criteria, indicating that WGS is less prone to allelic drop outs. However, increasing WES coverage reduced the discrepancy between the WES and WGS results. We believe that as sequencing costs further decline WGS will become the method of choice even for research confined to the exome.