Souna B Seyni *,Zirbine A Seyni ,Mohamed AW ,Sabo R ,Foumakoye ,Abassi A
Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.25 million deaths worldwide in the year 2010. That is one person is killed every 25 seconds. Patients and method: This was a prospective descriptive study which was conducted over a 6 months period in the urban city of Niamey in two morgues. This study involved 133 deaths including 109 males and 28 for females. Results: The average age of victims was 36.4 years, ranging from 3 to 85 years. Children 3 to 15 years accounted for 22 (16.5%) cases. All socio-professional sectors were affected by this mortality due to RTA: so, school was the most affected with 29 cases (21.8%). In our study head injury 58 cases (43.6%) and polytrauma 55 cases (41.4%) were the most basic of deaths by RTA. Discussion: Young people are a risk to themselves and other road users as motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of their death. Male dominance in our series is typically found in the literature. Conclusion: The road traffic accidents mainly affect the predominantly young workforce. Mortality from RTA is a major public health both in developed countries than in developing countries.