Surgery: Current Research

ISSN - 2161-1076


Splenic Spontaneous Rupture Associated with Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Report of a Case and Literature Review

Fahmi Y, Elabbasi T, Khaiz D, Bensardi FZ, Hattabi K, Berrada S, Lefriyekh R, Benissa N, Fadil A and Zerouali N

Introduction: Spleen Spontaneous Rupture (SSR) is a rare disease; its diagnosis is difficult. Infectious and hematologic are its most frequent etiologies representing more than the half of cases. The prognosis is depending on quality of care and the nature of the etiology, mortality is high (14%).

Presentation of Case: We report a case of non-traumatic splenic rupture occurring in a woman carrying of acute myeloid leukemia presented with spontaneous rupture of the spleen, and has received an emergency splenectomy.

Discussion: The combination of non-traumatic splenic rupture in acute myeloid leukemia is very rare, and there are some cases reported in the literature regarding this association.

Conclusion: We report this interesting case to emphasize the seriousness of this disease and its various diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.