Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

ISSN - 2155-6156



The Relationship between Self-Management and Glycemic Control in A Cohort of Children with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Luisa M Rodriguez, Krishnavathana V Hassan, Jeffrey Rhodes, Siripoom V McKay and Rubina A Heptulla

Aim: Self-management of diabetes improves glycemic control. The development of a quick, objective questionnaire in the clinic setting may provide data to the clinician caring for the patient in overall evaluation.

Objective: We developed a 23 question tool (clinic preparedness score) and administered it to type 1 and 2 (T1DM & T2DM) diabetes patients. Clinicians of patients were surveyed to determine their perception of adherence by patients. A total of 350 T1DM patients and families and 137 T2DM families were administered the questionnaire. Additionally, HbA1C was correlated to the various parameters that are related to improved glycemic control such as having a meter, carrying glucose tablets for hypoglycemia, and downloading/ writing blood sugars in log book in T1DM and T2DM.

Results: T1DM subjects had a lower HbA1C with better clinic preparedness (8.2 ± 1.3 vs 9.4 ± 1.9%) However, this did not hold true for T2DM (p NS). If T1DM subjects adjusted their insulin dose and reported that their parent was involved they had better HbA1C than those that did not change insulin dose and if parent was uninvolved in the care. Clinicians of patients were able to accurately predict that appropriate dose adjustments resulted in good glycemic control.

Conclusions: Pediatric T2DM adherence measures do not mirror similar characteristics of T1DM in childhood. The variability in glucose monitoring, medication and insulin administration may affect T2DM differently than T1DM.