Mohan Kumar R
Inhibitory Potency of Selected Therapeutic Bioactive Molecules of Standardized Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Extract on CYP3A4 and CYP2D6: Exploring Possible Herb-Drug Interactions.
Author(s): Vijayakumar TM, Ilango K, Vasanth K, Kasthuri Bai N, Mohan Kumar R and Dubey GPVijayakumar TM, Ilango K, Vasanth K, Kasthuri Bai N, Mohan Kumar R and Dubey GP
A number of significant herbal drug interactions have their origins in the alteration of cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity by various phytochemicals. In the present study, inhibition potential of Terminalia arjuna extracts and its constituent gallic acid (GA) and ellagic acid (EA) to cause herb-drug interactions through rat liver cytochrome enzymes, CYP3A4, and CYP2D6 was evaluated, a rapid RP-HPLC method was developed for quantitative estimation of GA and EA in the extract. In vitro safety of the extract and active components were evaluated through CYP450 inhibition method using pooled rat microsomes and high throughput fluorometric assay with CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. The binding mode and the molecular interaction of GA and EA within the CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 active site were demonstrated using an in-silico docking studies. From CYP450-CO Complex assay, the inhibitory potential of T. arjuna stand.. View More»