Reconstructive Surgery & Anaplastology

ISSN - 2161-1173

Editorial - (2021) Volume 10, Issue 4

An overview of Prosthesis

Zhi Zhang*
*Correspondence: Zhi Zhang, Sun Yet-Sen Memorial Hospital,`Sun Yat-sen University, China, Tel: 861456783901, Email:

Author info »


Prosthesis artificial substitute for a missing piece of the body. The artificial parts that are most generally considered as prostheses are those that supplant lost arms and legs, however bone, artery, and heart valve substitutions are normal and artificial eyes and teeth are additionally effectively named prostheses. The term is here and there stretched out to cover such things as eyeglasses and listening devices, which improve the functioning of a part. The medical specialty which deals with prostheses is called prosthetics.


At the point when an arm or other limit is cut off or lost a prosthetic device, or prosthesis can assume a significant part in recovery. For some individuals artificial limb can further develop mobility and the capacity to oversee every day exercises just as give the way to remain independent.

Prostheses Parts and Types

There is a wide assortment of prostheses that are intended to function and by and large resemble a characteristic arm, leg, hand, or foot. Despite the fact that there are various plans, most have comparative parts. These include:

• A attachment into which the stump of the excised limb fits

• The suspension, which holds the prosthesis onto the stump

• The shaft

• The foot, hand, or hook

• A covering for corrective appearances

The socket is frequently fixed with foam or silicone to secure the stump. Exceptional socks are additionally worn over the stump to guarantee an appropriate fit and further develop solace. The most well-known sorts of prostheses:

Lower leg and foot

Various prosthetic feet are accessible to mimic the activity of a characteristic foot after a removal underneath the knee. No less than one accessible foot-lower leg prosthesis is controlled by a microprocessor. It utilizes input from sensors to change joint development, making walking more effective and decreasing the danger of falls.

Leg with knee

For removals over the knee, the prosthesis has both a knee and lower leg joint. As of now there are in excess of 100 prosthetic lower leg, foot, and knee models. Some utilization liquid or hydraulic powered controlled devices that let clients differ their strolling speed. Others utilize electronic parts that let the client make fast constant changes while strolling.

Arm and hand

The most established and most usually utilized prosthetic arm is worked with the body's own developments and a harness that reaches out in a figure eight across the back and under the contrary arm. Others utilize a rechargeable battery to run little motors in the prosthetic hand or hook. The battery further develops grip strength.

Prostheses are planned and fitted by an expert called a prosthetist. The fitting interaction might start in the emergency clinic soon after removal after the growing has proceeded to down and the incision is recuperated. It includes

• Measuring the stump and the healthy opposite limb

• Fitting silicone liner

• Making a a plaster mold

• Fashioning the socket

• Forming the plastic parts and then creating the metal parts of the limb

• Attaching the shaft

• Aligning the prosthesis

• Remove the prosthesis prior to bed. Look at the device for loose parts or damage. Inspect the stump for blisters or different indications of irritation.


Keep a steady body weight. This will assist with keeping the prosthesis fitting appropriately. You ought to likewise have the prosthesis inspected and adjusted once per year to ensure that it is in a proper working order.

Author Info

Zhi Zhang*
Sun Yet-Sen Memorial Hospital,`Sun Yat-sen University, China

Citation: Zhang Z (2021) An overview of Prosthesis. Reconstr Surg Anaplastol 10: 186.

Received: 03-Jul-2021 Published: 17-Jul-2021, DOI: 10.37421/2161-1173.2021.10.186

Copyright: © 2021 Zhang Z. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.