Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

ISSN - 2155-6156

+441518081309

Case Report - (2015) Volume 6, Issue 1

Efficacy of Aqueous Extract of Helicteres isora on Glucose Level in Type-2 Diabetic Patients Practicing Yoga. A Cohort Study

Subramanium Vennila*, Giridharan Bupesh*, Devaraj Dhanakaran, Sachidanandam Magesh, Vijayan Senthilkumar, Ramalingam Senthilraja, Krishnan Saravanamurali and Natarajan Saran
King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research, Guindy, Chennai, India
*Corresponding Author(s): Subramanium Vennila, Scientist-Grade I Laboratory, Department of Virology, King Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Guindy, Chennai-600 033, India, Tel: +918012405965 Email:
Giridharan Bupesh, Scientist-Grade I Laboratory, Department of Virology, King Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Guindy, Chennai-600 033, India, Tel: +919841555621 Email:

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus patients thrive very hard to reduce their glucose levels by using various hypoglycemic agents. Many hypoglycemic agents cause side effects and fail to reduce glucose level, when they use for a long time. Folklore natural medicines will successfully act on many diseases without causing any side effects when it was consumes prolonged. Patients practicing yoga and exercise with the traditional medicines contribute a significant efficacy in management of diabetes in very short period.
Main Observations: We report the cases of 40 to 60 year old type-2 diabetic patients were evaluated for the efficacy of Helicteres isora concoction 5 mg/5 ml concentration with practicing yoga and exercise. The patients were observed for the glucose levels and body weight before evaluating with cohort study. The results from the cohort study showed that the group 1M and 1O had significant reduction in glucose levels when compared to control groups treated for four weeks.
Conclusions: Type-2 Diabetic Patients administered orally with H.isora concoction in practicing yoga reveals that they were significantly reduced in blood glucose levels and body weight. Thus the study provides a novel hypoglycemic agent which is very cheaper that ails to the management of diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Helicteres isora; Concoction; Diabetes mellitus; Dynamic meditation; Maharasanam; Blood Sugar

Introduction

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused due to the deficiency of insulin. This hormone controls the body processes and the metabolites such as glucose, protein, and fats. When the insulin synthesis is not sufficient, it cannot metabolize the carbohydrates and the other intermediately metabolites (fats and protein). This leads to accumulation high glucose in blood and urine. It is characterized as hyperglycemia and poly urea. In chronic the elevated levels of sugar can cause diabetic coma and ends in death [1]. Allopathic medicines were high in the cost, posse’s side effects and the relief was not sustained permanently. The management and control of diabetes has continued to be challenging on type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Yogic exercises cause the muscles to absorb the glucose in the blood, thus the blood sugar level was reduced in diabetic patients [2]. Yogic exercises trigger the pancreas and liver to function very effectively, leads to regulate the blood sugar level in homeostasis by induction of insulin secretions [3]. Hence the muscular movements play important role in bringing down the blood sugar levels. Meditations and asana significantly lead the healthy functioning of the internal organs of the body. Combined therapy such as naturopathy healing with herbal and natural product [4] treating for various diseases paved a significant recovery and improvement in the management of diabetes mellitus. The present case report emphasizes the efficacy of H. isora fruit concoction in type-2 diabetic patients practicing yoga and exercise.

Case Report

Type-2 Diabetic patients aged ranges from 40-60 years old volunteers were chosen for this case study. The diabetic patients were practicing yoga and exercise in the Osho meditation center and Simplified kundalini yoga center. The case study was experimentally grouped into four groups. The patients practicing Osho meditation and exercise were administered orally with H.isora concoction 5 mg/5 ml as group –IO and patients practicing simplified kundalini yoga daily/ hour with H.isora 5 mg/5 ml as group-IM. Patients with practicing Simplified kundalini yoga exercise were grouped as Group IM without administered extract and considered as control. The patients practicing Osho meditation and exercise without treated concoction were considered as control and named Group IIO. The study was conducted for 4 weeks. The patients were first demonstrated with exercise and counseling was given about the herbal H.isora concoction (Figure 1A and 1B). The Group IM and II M were practicing exercise such as maharasana kayakalpha were shown in the Figure 1C-1F. Similarly the patients practicing osho meditation and exercise were demonstrated in the Figure 2B-2D. The group 1M and O were given orally with H.isora concoction were displayed in the Figure 2A and 2B. The patients were observed for the weight and glucose levels before the study started (Table 1). Then the H.isora concoction was given at empty stomach, periodically the samples were taken at 1-4 weeks. The glucose level and weight were analyzed to screen the efficacy of H.isora concoction.

diabetes-metabolism-volunteers-participating

Figure 1: Group-IM and IIM Volunteers participating counseling and practicing yoga of SKY with H.isora concoction.
A: yoga master teaching about postures of yoga for participants.
B: participants involved in yoga practicing classes at centre.
C and D: Maharasanam postures of participants at yoga centre.
Eand F: Kayakalpa yoga postures of participants at yoga centre.

diabetes-metabolism-practicing-yoga

Figure 2:Group-IO and IIO Volunteers participating counseling and practicing yoga of Osho with H.isora concoction.
A: Freshly prepared Helicteres isora fruit juice.
B: Fruit juice given to the diabetic patients after yoga.
C and D: Dynamic yoga postures by participants at yoga centre.

S.No Patient Name Age/Sex Body Weight in kg
Oth Day 1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week
1 T. Selvakumar 48/M 70 70 70 69 69
2 M.Neelakandon 54/M 87 87 87 85 84
3 S. Chitra 51/F 68 68 68 67 67
4 A. Sarathy 43/M 79 79 79 78 78
5 D. Govindaraj 53/M 92 92 92 90 90

Table 1: Body weight of Diabetic Patients (Group I–M) practicing Kayakalpa and Maharasana.

The group I-M and group II-M (Figure 3A and 3B) diabetic patients showed significant reduction in the body weight and blood glucose level. In group-IIM patients Yoga practices reduced 2-5 mg of glucose level and 1-2 kg of body weight (Table 2), whereas group-I M patients with yoga and herbal concoction showed sudden decrease of blood glucose level from 5 to 25 mg/dL in second and third week. This revealed that the H.isora concoction act as a potent hypoglycemic agent in diabetic patients.

diabetes-metabolism-diabetic-patients

Figure 3: Efficacy of H.isora in Group-IM and Group-IO diabetic patients.

S.No Patient Name Age/Sex  Body Weight in kg
Oth Day 1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week
1 J.Annapoorani 52/F 78 77 76 76 75
2 M. Kalaivani 44/F 68 66 66 66 65
3 S. Rajendran 51/M 87 86 84 84 82
4 P.Gunasekaran 47/M 94 92 91 91 90
5 R. Porkodi 53/F 76 75 74 74 73

Table 2: Body weight of Diabetic Patients (GroupII–M) practicing Maharasana with H.isora concoction.

Diabetic patients practicing Osho meditation and exercise were evaluated similar to the above groups1M and IIM. The group I-O and group II-O (Figure 3C and 3D) indicated that there was a significant factor that reduces the body weight and blood glucose level. In group II-O patients (Control) practices yoga alone reduced 2-10 mg glucose level and 2-5 kgs of body weight (Tables 3 and 4). At the same time the group II-O patients with Osho yoga and herbal concoction showed sudden decrease in blood glucose level in second and third week. The blood glucose level reduced to 5-25 mg/dL. This indicates that the incidence of random blood sugar (mg/dL) has improved in all the diabetic patients.

S.No Patient Name Age/Sex Body Weight in kg
Oth Day 1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week
1 T. Shankaran 58/M 78 77 76 75 75
2 D. Govindaraj 47/M 85 83 81 81 81
3 S. Mathuram 52/M 87 86 83 82 82
4 A. Maheswari 49/F 72 70 68 68 68
5 B. Pooja 46/F 75 75 74 73 71

Table 3: Body weight of Diabetic Patients (Group I – O) practicing Osho Dynamic meditation only.

S.No Patient Name Age /Sex Body Weight in kg
Oth Day 1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week
1 V.Manimekalai 48/F 78 77 75 74 74
2 S. Vasan 60/M 85 71 71 70 69
3 P. Gunasekaran 54/M 87 89 88 86 85
4 M. Murugesan 49/M 72 73 73 71 71
5 D. Devaki 56/F 75 77 75 74 73

Table 4: Body weight of Diabetic Patients (GroupII– O) practicing Osho Dynamic
meditation only with H.isora concoction.

Discussion

Tea and other fruit beverages were play a vital role in the development of immunity and affords against diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer [5]. H. isora fruit extract was used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and many experimentally induced by alloxan were reported for antidiabetic activity [6]. Further H. isora extract in mice revealed that it acts as dose and duration dependent activity. At lower dose (150 mg/kg) with lesser effect and higher impact on higher dose (250 mg/kg) were reported.

Yogasanas and exercises were beneficial in treatment of diabetes by various stages like twists, stretches and strains in the body. This raises the blood and oxygen supply to various organs and glands results in increased efficiency of the endocrine system [7-10] and improves the insulin management in the body. Therefore in this case study H. isora fruit concoction was evaluated for the antidiabetic activity in patients with practicing yoga and exercise. Our case report demonstrates that intake of H.isora herbal concoction and physical exercises can lower the diabetic blood glucose level to normal and also to maintain the blood glucose level in balancing hyper and hypoglycemic state. Random control of fasting glucose with treated of standard drugs and glucose tolerance were analyzed in the young volunteers for cohort study in type-2 diabetes patients [11]. Similarly cohort study of H.isora concoction was given to diabetic patients practicing different yogic exercise and their efficacy was determined in Simplified kundalini yoga and Osho dynamic meditation.

In the present study, it is clearly indicated that exercises with osho dynamic meditations group-I O had demonstrates the significant reduction in the weight and blood glucose level in the patients than group-I M type-2 diabetic patients. This indicated that the H. isora oral concoction had decreased the blood glucose level significantly in type-2 diabetic patients.

Conclusion

This case report concludes that the efficacy of H. isora concoction effectively controls the blood glucose level in type-2 diabetic patients practicing yoga and exercise. Further the dynamic meditation and exercise with H. isora concoction acts synergistically in reduce the diabetic complications at very short interval. Therefore H.isora was strongly recommended as potential hypoglycemic agent for the management of type-2 diabetes mellitus.

Acknowledgements

The authors were highly thank and acknowledge Osho dynamic meditation center, Simplified Kundalini Yoga center, Chennai and the volunteers for conducting this study.

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Citation: Subramanium V, Giridharan B, Devaraj D, Sachidanandam M, Vijayan S, et al. (2014) Efficacy of Aqueous Extract of Helicteres isora on Glucose Level in Type-2 Diabetic Patients Practicing Yoga – A Cohort Study. J Diabetes Metab 6:473.

Copyright: © 2014 Subramanium V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.