Journal of Psychological Abnormalities

ISSN - 2471-9900

Epidemiological investigation of self-stigma among hearing-impaired middle school students in Hubei province, China

International conference on Adolescent Medicine & Child Psychology

September 28-30, 2015 Houston, USA

Yukai Du

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Psychol Abnorm Child

Abstract :

To investigate epidemiological status of self-stigma of hearing-impaired middle school students in Hubei province. Based on the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, a Chinese version scale on self-stigma of disability was developed. A crosssectional survey was performed in eight cities of Hubei province. Independent samples t test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson analysis and multivariable linear regression model were used to analyze data. The revised scale consisted of 23 items including four common factors: Devaluation-discrimination, alienation, social withdrawal and stigma resistance. The homogeneity reliability, test-retest reliability and split-half reliability and inner correlations ranged 0.50-0.92 and the criterion and the construct validity of scale were statistically significant (P<0.05). 503 hearing-impaired middle school students were investigated and the rate of high self-stigma was 18.24%. The differences of the self-stigma level was statically significant among school location, grade and hearing-impaired degree (all P<0.05). Besides, the association of resilience, negative coping styles and perceived social support with the self-stigma were statically significant (all P<0.01). School location and negative coping style had positive association with self-stigma level, alienation, social withdrawal and devaluation-discrimination (P<0.05); resilience, perceived social support and parenting style were negative with self-stigma level and devaluation-discrimination (P<0.05); age and resilience had negatively association with stigma resistance (P<0.001); resilience and peer relationship were negative associated with social withdrawal (all P<0.01). The revised self-stigma of disability scale has good reliability and validity which can meet the requirements of psychological measurement. The self-stigma among disabilities should be paid more attention.

Biography :