Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

ISSN - 2155-6156

How effective is Nigella sativa in the management of type-2 diabetes?

20th Asia Pacific Diabetes Conference

July 16-17, 2018 Sydney, Australia

Reza Daryabeygi-Khotbehsara

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Diabetes Metab

Abstract :

Introduction & Aim: Global prevalence of diabetes in alarmingly high. Moreover, global economic burden of diabetes is striking. With respect to these, more cost-effective approaches are required. Nigella sativa (N. sativa), a popular herb in Asia, is reviewed as a miraculous top rank herbal medicine and widely used in folk medicine. However, any study has assessed the pooled effect of Nigella sativa on glycemia and serum lipids in diabetes. The present meta-analysis investigates the effectiveness of N. sativa in type-2 diabetes (T2D). Method: Literature search was conducted covering PubMed/Medline, Scopus and Cochrane Registry of Clinical Trials up to February 2017 to obtain the relevant published intervention studies. Two researchers (RD and MG) were involved in the identification of eligible studies. Heterogeneity was assessed using I-squared (I2) statistics test. Subgroup analysis was done to assess type of Nigella sativa supplement as source of heterogeneity. Effect sizes of eligible studies were pooled using STATA software version 12 (STATA corp, College Station, TX, USA). Result: Seven trials were included in the meta-analysis of glycemic and serum lipid profile end points. Supplementation with Nigella sativa significantly improved Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), HbA1c, Total-Cholesterol (TC) and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c). The overall effects for Triglyceride (TG) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) were insignificant. Subgroup analysis revealed significant reduction on TG with N. sativa seed oil, while TG was increased with seed powder. All measures, but HbA1c, showed no evidence of publication bias. Conclusion & Discussion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis investigating the effectiveness of Nigella sativa in T2D. Promising benefits of Nigella sativa on glycemia (FBS and HbA1c) and lipid parameters (TC and LDL-c) provides robust evidence for the incorporation of Nigella sativa as an adjunct therapy in diabetes.