Manchester University, UK
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Gen Med
Background: Diabetes costs the NHS over �?£ 1.5 m an hour, estimated 10% of the NHS budget. Type-2 Diabetes alone cost �?£ 0.7 billion in 2012 alone. Lifestyle modification is one of the commonest methods used alongside medication or alone in some patients to improve the HBA1C for patients with diabetes through increasing insulin sensitivity because of reducing body adiposity. Is directed lifestyle modifications and the type of exercise we ask patients to do relevant or do we just ask patients to exercise more and eat less? This is the question we wanted to answer. Methodology: Two groups of 50 patients each were identified with type-2 diabetes. Group-1 was allocated an online personal trainer who gave directed instructions on HIIT (High intensity interval training) and a diet plan to follow. Group-2 was given generic advice on doing 30 mins exercise 5 times a week and instructed to follow a Mediterranean diet. This took place over 6 months. Finding: Group-1 showed a statistically significant improvement in HBA1C to Group-2. Group 1 improved their HBA1c by an average of 20%, compared to 5% in Group-2. 15% of group-1 managed to reverse their type-2 diabetes. Conclusion & Significance: Exercise and lifestyle modifications are increasingly recognizing as important in good overall health, specially in people with insulin resistance as in those with type-2 diabetes. Directed HIIT with supportive diet plans and regular reviews can both improve overall HBA1C and general health and should become an integral part of diabetic care.