Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

ISSN - 2155-6156

NLRP3 inflammasome expression and urinary HSP72 in relation to biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in diabetic nephropathy patients

17th Global Diabetes Conference & Nursing Care

March 08-09, 2018 | Paris, France

Yasser Moustafa Hafez, Hemat El-Sayed El-Horany, Rania Nagi Abd-ELlatif, Mona Watany, Yasser M Hafez and Hanaa Ibrahim Okda

Tanta University, Egypt

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Diabetes Metab

Abstract :

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major causes of end-stage renal disease. Nod-like receptors nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat pyrin-3 domain (NLRP3) inflammasome displays a considerable role in the chronic inflammatory state observed in diabetic patients. Urinary heat shock protein 72 (uHSP72) is a sensitive and specific biomarker for the early detection the acute kidney injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate NLRP3 relative gene expression, its correlation with inflammatory and oxidative stress markers, and to assess the value of uHSP72 in the early detection of DN in type-2 diabetic patients with different degrees of DN. 45 type-2 diabetic patients were enrolled in this study: 15 normoalbuminuric, 15 microalbuminuria, 15 macroalbuminuria patients in addition to 15 healthy controls. Clinical examination and routine laboratory investigations were done. NLRP3 mRNA expression was assessed by real time PCR. Serum 8-hydroxy-2�??-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), IL-1β and uHSP72 levels were estimated by enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay. Serum chitotriosidase (CHIT1) activity was examined. Significant higher NLRP3 mRNA expression, serum 8-OHdG, IL-1β and uHSP72 levels, in addition to CHIT1 activity were documented in the macroalbuminuria patient group as compared to the other two diabetic and control groups. They were significantly positively correlated and to urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, serum creatinine and HA1c. Multiple linear regression analysis using UACR as dependent variable, confirmed that uHSP72 and relative NLRP3 mRNA expression were the independent predictors of DN (β were 0.432 and 0.448, respectively, P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic analyses revealed that both NLRP3 mRNA expression and uHSP72 levels were useful biomarkers discriminating DN patients from T2DM patients (AUC were 0.957 and 0.983, respectively). It can be concluded that uHSP72 may be considered as a novel potential diagnostic biomarker for the early detection of DN. Moreover, these data support the pivotal role of NLRP3 in the development and progression of DN.