General Medicine: Open Access

ISSN - 2327-5146

Nursing role in therapeutic phlebotomy in patients with polycythemia vera

Joint Event on 5th Annual Congress on Emergency Nursing & Critical Care & 26th Cancer Nursing & Nurse Practitioners Conference

July 16-17, 2018 | London, UK

Víctor J Costela Ruíz, Lucia Melguizo-Rodriguez, Rebeca Illescas-Montes, Elvira De Luna-Bertos, Javier Ramos-Torrecillas and Concepcion Ruiz

University of Granada, Spain

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Gen Med (Los Angeles)

Abstract :

Nowadays, therapeutic phlebotomy (TP) is the first option in polycythemia vera (PV) treatment. It is a technique done by nursing staff with the continuous supervision of a doctor during the procedure. The diagnosis chriteria of PV are an increase in haematocrit more than 45% in men and more than 42% in women, and an level of haemoglobin more than 18.5 g/ dL or 16.5g/dL, respectively, as well as an increase of red bloob cell count. The objetive is to determinate the nurse role in the following up of this kind of patients in order to know what are the possible complications related to TP. Be means of literature collection from different clinical database (PubMed, MEDLINE, BioMedCentral); and with keywords: nursing, polycythemia, phlebotomy, therapeutic; it has been collected 20 paperes related to this field. Thus, this group of patientes can develop several events such as those cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, arterial and venous thromboembolism, and hematologic diseases like myelifibrosis and/or acute myeloid leukaemia/mielodisplastic syndrome. It has been found that the main risk in TP along the first 3 years is thrombosis events. In patients with a high risk of thrombosis or those who are not able to tolerate therapeutic phlebotomy, it is used hydroxyurea (oral chemotherapy). Nursing function in this group of patients if highly important in order to detect complications related to TP, giving an important role to the joint medical and nursing approach.

Biography :

Víctor J Costela Ruíz has completed his Bachelor’s at the University of Granada and he is now enrolled in a Predoctoral contract in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Granada. He has several Bachelor´s degrees (Social Work, Anthropology, Criminology and Nursing) and Master´s degrees in Anthropology and in Nursing Emergencies. He also works directly with the Hematologist Unit of the General Hospital of Granada.