Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

ISSN - 2155-6156

Optimization of culture medium conditions and examination of gamma-aminobutyric acid production potential by probiotic microorganisms extracted from local dairy products of Western Iran in two culture mediums of MRS and whey protein

Joint Eveny on 2nd Annual Congress on Diabetes and its Complications & 8th Annual Congress on Probiotics, Functional Foods & Nutraceuticals

March 25-26, 2019 Hong Kong

Fatemeh Zarei, Leila Nateghi, Mohamad Reza Eshaghi and Maryam Ebrahimi Taj Abadi

Islamic Azad University, Iran

: J Diabetes Metab

Abstract :

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid produced by lactic acid bacteria in fermented foods and includes unique functions in the human biological system. The aim of this study was optimization of culture media for gamma-aminobutyric acid production in probiotics extracted from local dairy products in West of Iran using two culture media of MRS broth and whey protein. The potential of gamma-aminobutyric acid production was assessed in Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococos acidilactici, respectively extracted from doogh, yogurt and cheese using MRS broth and whey protein media and high performance liquid chromatography. To increase gamma-aminobutyric acid production, these media were optimized as pH (4-6), temperature (30- 50 °C), time (12-72 hours) and glutamic acid concentration (25-250 mM). Results have shown that Lactobacillus plantarum extracted from doogh includes the highest potential of gamma-aminobutyric acid production (115.24 mg kg-1) under the following conditions of a culture temperature of 37 °C, incubation time 60 hours at pH 5 in MRS broth containing 50 mM of glutamic acid. After optimization of Lactobacillus plantarum media, gamma-aminobutyric acid production increased to 170.492 mg kg-1. The optimum conditions included a glutamic acid concentration of 250 mM, culture temperature at 37.27 °C, pH=5.19 and an incubation time of 72 hours. Based on the results, use of local isolated dairy products in west region of Iran and optimization of growth conditions increased the ability of gammaaminobutyric acid production.

Biography :