Biological Systems: Open Access

ISSN - 2329-6577


Proteolytic maturation of Drosophila neuroligin3 in central nervous system

4th International Conference on Integrative Biology

July 18-20, 2016 Berlin, Germany

Jun Wu, Nana Tao, Guanglin Xing, Huihui Lv and Wei Xie

Southeast University, China

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Biol syst Open Access

Abstract :

Neuroligins are postsynaptic adhesion molecules that are essential for synaptic function and regulation by binding to their presynaptic ligands, Neurexins. Mutations in neuroligin and neurexin genes have been implicated in cognitive diseases such as autism. Previous study shows more than two isoforms of endogenous neuroligin3 in Drosophila. Here, we report that Drosophila neuroligin3 (DNlg3) is proteolytically activated in the central nervous system specifically, which is essential for an interesting behavior. A protease belonging to ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) family is responsible for DNlg3 processing in vivo and in vitro. Interestingly, as a membrane protein, DNlg3 is processed intracellularly rather than at the cell surface. DNlg3 is cleaved at its extracellular AchE-like domain to generate the N-terminal fragment (NTF) and the cleaved membrane-anchored fragment (cDNlg3). After cleavage, the cDNlg3 rather than full-length (FL) or NTF can rescue defect in DNlg3 mutants, suggesting that proteolytic cleavage of DNlg3 is required for keeping normal behavior. Our study broadens our knowledge of the scope of Neuroligins function, as well as provides a novel cleavage paradigm for studying other membrane proteins.

Biography :

Jun Wu is currently pursuing PhD in Life Science at Southeast University, China. His research interest focuses on the molecular mechanism of neurological disorder diseases, such as autism spectrum disorders.