Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

ISSN - 2155-6156

Self-esteem and locus of control among a group of adolescents with type-1 diabetes mellitus

14th International Conference and Exhibition on Targeting Diabetes and Novel Therapeutics

October 17-18, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Amal M Khan, Alaa S Bakhsh, Farihan F Helmy and Iman M Talat

Taif University, Saudi Arabia
Ain Shams University, Egypt
Prince Mansour Military Hospital, Saudi Arabia

: J Diabetes Metab

Abstract :

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is an incurable lifelong disease that is managed with insulin, diet and frequent monitoring of blood glucose which can greatly affect the lives of the adolescent and his family. Studies postulated that there is a correlation between psycho-social factors (self-esteem, and locus of control) and glycemic control of type 1 DM patients at the time of diagnosis and at least one year after. Aim: Our aim of study is to explore the effect of SE and LOC on the glycemic control of adolescence with T1DM. Method: Our study was conducted on two groups (group A) newly diagnosed T1DM patients were selected randomly from diabetic clinic between the ages of 10-12 years and (group B) diagnosed with T1DM for �?�one year, after matching with group A for sex and age. Results: Comparison between group A and group B showed a statistical significant difference between both groups regarding SE (p=0.017). Moreover, regarding group (A) although there was no significant difference between controlled and non-controlled group regarding SE, the LOC (powerful others) domain the mean of controlled group was 8.14±2.41 versus 6.81±1.08 among non-controlled group, this difference was statistically significant (p=0.035). In-group B, there was significant difference between mean of SE and LOC domain among the controlled group versus non-controlled group (p=0.014, 0.02), respectively. Conclusions: We conclude that interventions aimed at improving SE and LOC may improve adherence to diabetes regimen. So, we recommend that clinicians should attend to SE and LOC in their interventional programs.

Biography :

Amal M Khan has completed her MBBS at College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, KSA. She is a Medical intern. She was Speaker in two conferences and has published 1 research paper and 1 case report in AACE. She has attended a lot of conferences and workshops in Endocrinology and Medical field.