General Medicine: Open Access

ISSN - 2327-5146

The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder and its related factors among female teachers in Kabul city

Joint Event: 42nd World Cancer Conference & 12th World congress on Addictive Disorders & Addiction Therapy & 13th International Conference & Exhibition on Physiotherapy, Physical Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine

July 17-18, 2023 | Zurich, Switzerland

Amena Ahmadi

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Gen Med

Abstract :

Background: Musculo-Skeletal Disorders (MSD) is one of the most common and important occupational health problems in working populations around the world. Some occupational groups, such as teachers, are more prone to musculoskeletal disorders due to occupational characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and related factors among female teachers in Kabul. Methods: This study is a descriptive-analytical epidemiological study that involved 285 teachers form public and private school in the study randomly based on the inclusion criteria. Through relevant questionnaires, information was collected from personal, occupational and psychological characteristics. Results: The prevalence of MSD in the six-month period was 55% in the lumbar region, 43% in the neck, 41% in the knee, 39% in the back, 30% in the ankle, 28% in the wrist, 26% in the shoulder, 20% in the thigh and 15% in the elbow. There was a significant relationship between weight, age, level of education, working hours, work experience, sports, body mass index, salary and education (P<0/05). Writing on the board in the classroom, inappropriate posture during teaching, reviewing homework and checking students' exam papers, lack of desk and chair were identified as risk factors related to this disorder. Conclusion: The prevalence of MSD is high among female teachers in Kabul. Factors such as weight, age, level of education, working hours, work experience, exercise, body mass index, smoking and education significantly increase the risk of this type of disorder among female teachers. Keywords: Musculoskeletal disorder, Female teachers, Prevalence of MSD, Kabul.