Natural Products Chemistry & Research

ISSN - 2329-6836


Review on Marvelous Incidence of the Iron Observable in Livelihood and its History

Ali Mohammed Yimer

The iron meteorites are molten rock in the earth's crust cumulates from the core of a small asteroid, which broke apart Ì´ 400 milli-arc second ago. Iron is the fourth most abundant element and second most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust after aluminium. It is one of the seven metals known in antiquity along with gold, silver, copper, mercury, tin and lead. It has lithophile and chalcophile properties, forming several common minerals, including pyrite FeS2 , magnetite Fe3 O4 , hematite Fe2 O3 and siderite FeCO3 . Iron occurs as a natural constituent in plants and animals. Liver, kidney, fish, and green vegetables contain 20-150 mg/kg, whereas red meats and egg yolks contain 10-20 mg/kg. Rice and many fruits and vegetables have low iron contents (1-10 mg/kg).Iron is the key element in hemoglobin, the red pigment in blood which carries oxygen round the body, and plays a role as an important catalyst in the Haber process. In this paper, I reflect the miracle of the Iron in the Holly Qur’an Which is revealed in the fourteen centuries ago for prophet Mohammed (PBUH) as a book of guidance to mankind