Journal of Kidney

ISSN - 2472-1220


Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated factors among Patients with Kidney Problems Public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Kore C and Yohannes HM

Objective: The objective of this study to assess the prevalence and associated factors of chronic kidney disease among kidney problem patients attending public hospitals in Addis Ababa.
Method: This study was a hospital based quantitative cross-sectional study conducted among patients hospitalized in a nephrology clinic and OPD at public hospital Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The sample was simple randomly selected based on standard sample size formula. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS software: Versions 20 compute the variables by regression analysis such as bivariate and multivariate analysis was done.
Result: According to CKD EPI equation used to mobile application to calculate eGFR 66 (15.6%) of participants have normal/stage 1, 49 (11.6%) of participants have stage 2, 82(19.4%) of the participants have stage 3, 62 (14.7%) stage 4 and 163 (38.6%) stage 5 CKD respectively. Those patients who were in the age group of >68 were three times more likely (AOR 3.16 (CI 1.36, 7.35); P=0.07) to develop CKD as compared to those who were under 18.
Conclusion and recommendation: This study identified a prevalence of CKD (38.6) by CKD EPI equations among Kidney disease patients that attend the public hospitals of Addis Ababa. Patients in Addis Ababa and out of Addis wait a lot of appointments because of shortage of dialysis service in public hospitals so the people lost their life exposed to high cost in the private dialysis center.