Journal of Kidney

ISSN - 2472-1220


Cystoscopy is procedure of inserting a cystoscope into urethra – the tube that carries urine from bladder to outside the body. Cystoscope uses optical fibres and consists of lenses like telescope or microscope. Cystoscopy reveals tumours, stones or cancer.

In Cystoscopy usually a local anaesthetic gel or spray to numb the urethra is used to perform flexible cystoscopy to reduce any discomfort when the cystoscope is inserted into the urethra.A general anaesthetic(where you're asleep), or a spinal anaesthetic (epidural) that numbs all feeling below your spine usually is used in rigid cystoscopy. Risks include urinary tract infection, long term bleeding and problems in passing urine in some people.

Related Journals of Cystoscopy

Journal of Kidney, Medical & Surgical Urology, Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods, Journal of Dual Diagnosis, Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, Imagen Diagnostica, Renal Society of Australasia Journal.

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